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THE LAND
Our 33 hectares farm is located on top of Castellarano hills in the province of Reggio Emilia.
The farm flat territory is about 250 meters from sea level and it is surrounded by woods and fossil rich clay rifts called "calanchi".
Farneto farmland enjoys a special micro climatic conditions characterized by an excellent exposition to the sun light.
Its soil is a mixture of clay, silt and extremely fine sand. The singular characteristics of this soil date back to the Pliocene epoch.
Thirty million years ago the entire area of Farneto together with Secchia valley were completely covered by sea waters.
Through the centuries sea waters gradually receded leading to the formation of several clay layers which today can be easily noticed in the composition of this soil.
A series of successive deposits produced a terrain which is compacted at the surface, but very friable (brittle/crumbly) underneath.
These underneath layers are rich with a mineral called feldspar (crystalline minerals that consist of aluminum silicates) which is highly soluble with humidity.
This terrain which is rich in clay, silt and extremely compacted fine sand has allowed the perfect conservation of a variety of marine fossils which can be easily found still today.
Among these fossils the most interesting one is the skeleton of a whale "Valentina" which was excavated not far away from Farneto in 2004 and dates back 3,6 million years ago.
This remarkable fossil can now be admired in the Reggio Emilia Natural Science and History Museum.
Besides for the optimal conservation of Pliocenic fossils this terrain is particularly ideal for grape growing.
The weather, the characteristics of Farneto terrain and the optimal isolated exposure to sunlight of Farneto plateau have rendered this area particularly suited to the cultivation of grapes.